轻度自闭症儿童汉语词汇联想特征研究

Translated title of the contribution: Characteristics of Chinese word association in children with mild autism

Jinhuan Yang, Li Zheng (Corresponding Author), Cheng Feng, Xiuqing Zhang, Li Sheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

目的
探讨轻度自闭症儿童汉语词汇联想的特征和词汇语义组织的特点,分析其影响因素。

方法
选取3组4~7岁受试者,分别为:轻度自闭症儿童(mild autism spectrum disorder children, MASD儿童)(月龄66.10±13.38月)、实龄匹配的正常儿童(typically developing age-matched children, AM儿童)(月龄67.16±11.45月)和生理年龄较小的词汇水平匹配的正常儿童(typically developing vocabulary proficiency matched younger children, VM儿童)(月龄44.30±3.34月),每组25例,进行汉语词汇联想测试。

结果 
MASD儿童词汇语义联系(54.4%)低于AM儿童和VM儿童(分别为56.7%、77.1%);纵聚合联系(52.8%)高于AM儿童和VM儿童(分别为46.2%、35.1%);MASD儿童横组合联系(37.6%)低于AM儿童和VM儿童(分别为46.7%、62.6%)(均为P<0.05)。词性主效应显著[F(2,72)=33.025, P<0.001, η~2=0.314];受试者类型和词性的交互效应显著[F(2,72)=17.096, P<0.001, η~2=0.322];反应顺序主效应显著[F(2,72)=146.916, P<0.001, η~2=0.671];受试者类型与反应顺序交互效应显著[F(2,72)=8.688, P<0.001, η~2=0.343]。

结论
轻度自闭症儿童词汇联想呈现词汇语义组织整体存在缺陷,但聚合联系较好,而组合联系缺陷明显;词性和词汇涟漪效应对轻度自闭症儿童词汇语义组织存在影响,名词语义发展优于动词和形容词,词汇语义响应数量随着反应顺序而减少。
Translated title of the contributionCharacteristics of Chinese word association in children with mild autism
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
Journal听力学及言语疾病杂志 Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology
Volume29
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mild autism spectrum disorder children
  • Word association
  • Lexical semantic
  • Paradigmatic association
  • Syntagmatic association

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