电子医疗心脏康复对冠心病患者健康结果的影响:系统评估与荟萃分析

Translated title of the contribution: Effect of eHealth cardiac rehabilitation on health outcomes of coronary heart disease patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jing Jing Su, Doris Sau Fung Yu, Jenniffer Torralba Paguio

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effects of eHealth cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on health outcomes of coronary heart disease patients and to identify programme design, which may lead to more effective health benefits. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis following Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Data sources: Medline, EMBASE, CLNAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails, PubMed and CNKI were searched over the period from 1806 to April 2019. Review methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to examine the effect of eHealth CR on health outcomes of coronary heart disease patients. We used RevMan 5.3 for risk of bias assessment and meta-analysis and GRADE software for generating findings. Results: In all, 14 trials with 1,783 participants were included. eHealth CR has significantly promoted duration of physical activity, daily steps, quality of life (QoL) and re-hospitalization. Using comparative analysis of programme design elements, including mode of delivery, intervention content, motivational strategies and social support, between the effective and ineffective eHealth CR, it was found that comprehensive empowerment strategies and follow-up care by tele-monitoring may be the crucial characteristics leading to more favourable treatment effect. Conclusion: eHealth CR is effective in engaging patients in active lifestyle, improving QoL and reducing re-hospitalization. Future research needs to test the effects of comprehensive CR programmes by incorporating empowerment strategies and tele-monitoring as active components. Impact: eHealth has been increasingly applied to increase accessibility and uptake of CR. Integrative evidence to indicate its effects on health outcomes is lacking. This review identified its positive effects on some behavioural, psychosocial and health service use outcomes. Together with insights about which programme design elements may positively shape the outcomes, this review informs the role and practice of cardiovascular nurses in promoting evidence-based eHealth CR.

Translated title of the contributionEffect of eHealth cardiac rehabilitation on health outcomes of coronary heart disease patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)754-772
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • coronary heart disease
  • eHealth
  • meta-analysis
  • nursing
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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